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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10990/198

Autori: Antoniali, Massimo
Supervisore afferente all'Università: TONELLO, ANDREA
Abstract (in inglese): Power line communications (PLCs) have become a key technology in the telecommunication world, both in terms of stand-alone technology or a technology that can complement other systems, e.g., radio communications. Since PLCs exploit the existing power delivery grid to convey data signals, the application scenarios are multiple. Historically, PLCs have been deployed in outdoor low voltage (< 1 kV) power distribution networks for the automatic metering and the management of the loads. Today, the evolution of the electrical grid toward an intelligent and smart grid that dynamically manages the generation, the distribution and the consumption of the power makes this technology still relevant in this scenario. Therefore, PLCs have raised significant interest in recent years for the possibility of delivering broadband Internet access and high speed services to homes and within the home. The increase in demand for such services has inspired the research activity in the in-home scenario, both toward the direction of the development of independent or integrated solutions, with respect to already existing technologies. Another application scenario that has not been deeply investigated yet is the in-vehicle one, which includes the in-car, in-plane and in-ship scenario. Since the power grid has not been designed for data communications, the transmission medium is hostile and exhibits high attenuation, multipath propagation and frequency selectivity, due to the presence of branches, discontinuities and unmatched loads. For the proper design of a power line communication (PLC) system, good knowledge of the grid characteristics in terms of propagation channel and disturbances is required. In this respect, we have performed experimental measurement campaigns in all the aforementioned scenarios. We aimed to investigate the grid characteristics from a telecommunication point of view. In this thesis, we present the results of our experimental activity. Firstly, we analyze the outdoor low voltage and industrial scenario. We have carried out a measurement campaign in an artificial network that can resemble either an outdoor low voltage power distribution network or an industrial or marine power system. We have focused on the channel frequency response, the line impedance and the background PLC noise, within the narrow band and the broad band frequency ranges. Then, we focus on the in-home scenario. In this context, we have studied the impact of the electrical devices (loads) connected to the power grid on the PLC medium characteristics and on the quality of the data communication. Their behavior has been investigated both in the time and frequency domain, in terms of load impedance and impulsive noise components that they inject into the network. Finally, we consider in-vehicle PLC, in particular the in-ship and in-car environment. Firstly, we summarize the results of a channel measurement campaign that we have carried out in a large cruise ship focusing on the low voltage power distribution network in the band 0-50 MHz. Thus, we present the results of an entire PLC noise and channel measurement campaign that we have performed in a compact electrical car.
Parole chiave: Power line communications; Telecommunication; Experimental activity
MIUR : Settore ING-INF/03 - Telecomunicazioni
Lingua: eng
Data: 23-apr-2013
Corso di dottorato: Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione
Ciclo di dottorato: 25
Università di conseguimento titolo: Università degli Studi di Udine
Luogo di discussione: Udine
Citazione: Antoniali, M. EXPERIMENTAL ACTIVITY AND ANALYSIS OF PLC TECHNOLOGY IN VARIOUS SCENARIOS. (Doctoral Thesis, Università degli Studi di Udine, 2013).
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