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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10990/201

Autori: Inserra, Daniele
Supervisore afferente all'Università: TONELLO, ANDREA
Centro di ricerca: DIPARTIMENTO INGEGNERIA ELETTRICA GESTIONALE MECCANICA - DIEG
Titolo: Direction of Arrival Estimation for Radio Positioning: a Hardware Implementation Perspective
Abstract (in inglese): Nowadays multiple antenna wireless systems have gained considerable attention due to their capability to increase performance. Advances in theory have introduced several new schemes that rely on multiple antennas and aim to increase data rate, diversity gain, or to provide multiuser capabilities, beamforming and direction finding (DF) features. In this respect, it has been shown that a multiple antenna receiver can be potentially used to perform radio localization by using the direction of arrival (DoA) estimation technique. In this field, the literature is extensive and gathers the results of almost four decades of research activities. Among the most cited techniques that have been developed, we find the so called high-resolution algorithms, such as multiple signal classification (MUSIC), or estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance (ESPRIT). Theoretical analysis as well as simulation results have demonstrated their excellent performance to the point that they are usually considered as reference for the comparison with other algorithms. However, such a performance is not necessarily obtained in a real system due to the presence of non idealities. These can be divided into two categories: the impairments due to the antenna array, and the impairments due to the multiple radio frequency (RF) and acquisition front-ends (FEs). The former are strongly influenced by the manufacturing accuracy and, depending on the required DoA resolution, have to be taken into account. Several works address these issues in the literature. The multiple FE non idealities, instead, are usually not considered in the DoA estimation literature, even if they can have a detrimental effect on the performance. This has motivated the research work in this thesis that addresses the problem of DoA estimation from a practical implementation perspective, emphasizing the impact of the hardware impairments on the final performance. This work is substantiated by measurements done on a state-of-the-art hardware platform that have pointed out the presence of non idealities such as DC offsets, phase noise (PN), carrier frequency offsets (CFOs), and phase offsets (POs) among receivers. Particularly, the hardware platform will be herein described and examined to understand what non idealities can affect the DoA estimation performance. This analysis will bring to identify which features a DF system should have to reach certain performance. Another important issue is the number of antenna elements. In fact, it is usually limited by practical considerations, such as size, costs, and also complexity. However, the most cited DoA estimation algorithms need a high number of antenna elements, and this does not yield them suitable to be implemented in a real system. Motivated by this consideration, the final part of this work will describe a novel DoA estimation algorithm that can be used when multipath propagation occurs. This algorithm does not need a high number of antenna elements to be implemented, and it shows good performance despite its low implementation/computational complexity.
Parole chiave: Direction of Arrival Estimation; Radio Positioning; Hardware Impairments
MIUR : Settore ING-INF/03 - Telecomunicazioni
Lingua: eng
Data: 23-apr-2013
Corso di dottorato: Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria industriale e dell'informazione
Ciclo di dottorato: 25
Università di conseguimento titolo: Università degli Studi di Udine
Luogo di discussione: Udine
Citazione: Inserra, D. Direction of Arrival Estimation for Radio Positioning: a Hardware Implementation Perspective. (Doctoral Thesis, Università degli Studi di Udine, 2013).
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